+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  
 
 
 
 

Essay/Term paper: A farewell to arms 3

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Ernest Hemingway

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Ernest Hemingway: A Farewell To Arms 3, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

Farewell to Arms"

John Stubbs' essay is an examination of the defense which he believes Henry and Catherine use to
protect themselves from the discovery of their insignificance and "powerlessness...in a world
indifferent to their well being..." He asserts that "role-playing" by the two main characters, and
several others in the book, is a way to escape the realization of human mortality which is unveiled
by war. Stubbs thinks that Hemingway utilized role-playing as a way to "explore the strengths and
weaknesses of his two characters." Stubbs says that by placing Henry's ordered life in opposition
to Catherine's topsy-turvy one, and then letting each one assume a role which will bring them
closer together, Hemingway shows the pair's inability to accept "the hard, gratuitous quality of life."

Stubbs begins by showing other examples, notably in In Our Time and The Sun Also Rises, in
which Hemingway's characters revert to role-playing in order to escape or retreat from their lives.
The ability to create characters who play roles, he says, either to "maintain self-esteem" or to
escape, is one Hemingway exploits extraordinarily well in A Farewell to Arms and therefore it "is
his richest and most successful handling of human beings trying to come to terms with their
vulnerability."

As far as Stubbs is concerned, Hemingway is quite blatant in letting us know that role-playing is
what is occurring. He tells that the role-playing begins during Henry and Catherine's third
encounter, when Catherine directly dictates what is spoken by Henry. After this meeting the two
become increasingly comfortable with their roles and easily adopt them whenever the other is
nearby. This is apparent also in that they can only successfully play their roles when they are in
private and any disturbance causes the "game" to be disrupted. The intrusion of the outside world
in any form makes their role-playing impossible, as evidenced at the race track in Milan, where
they must be alone. The people surrounding them make Catherine feel uncomfortable and Henry
has to take her away from the crowd. He goes on to describe how it is impossible for them to play
the roles when they are apart and how they therefore become more dependent upon each other's
company.

Stubbs goes on to explain how, "neither mistakes role-playing for a truly intimate relationship, but
both recognize that it can be a useful device for satisfying certain emotional needs." He says that
originally Henry and Catherine are playing the "game" for different reasons but eventually move to
play it as a team. Henry is role-playing to regain the sense of order he has lost when he realizes the
futility of the war and his lack of place in it. Catherine is role-playing to deal with the loss of her
fiance and to try to find order in the arena of the war. When they are able to role-play together,
"the promise of mutual support" is what becomes so important to them as they try to cope with
their individual human vulnerability.

He also analyzes the idyllic world introduced early in the story by the priest at the mess and later
realized by Henry and Catherine in Switzerland. They fall fully into their roles when they row
across the lake on their way to their idealized world. The fact that they actually are able to enter
this make-believe world strengthens their "game" and allows it to continue longer than it would
have otherwise. And once they are in this new world they adopt new roles which allow them to
continue their ruse. They also need to work harder to maintain the "game" because far from the
front they are both still aware the war is proceeding and they are no longer a part of it. The world
in which they exist in reality (!) is not conducive to role-playing because it tries repeatedly to end
their "game".

Stubbs manages to uncover numerous instances in which the two are role-playing and he makes a
very interesting case that this is exactly what they are doing and not just his imagination reading
into the story. He does make certain assumptions, that their love is not "real", that the characters
are searching for order, which are not completely justified or even necessary to prove his point.
He also forces an intentionality upon Hemingway which could have been avoided without harming
his theory. Towards the end of the essay Stubbs infers that their role-playing is "inferior to true
intimacy," which is a point that, although he defends well, is not central to his theory and seems to
detract from his objectivity.

The essay is a valuable tool to help the reader understand this view of what is happening through
Henry and Catherine's relationship and how they use each other to maintain their self-images,
provide themselves with psychological support, and in a way escape the war. Hemingway may not
have been trying to purposely create a role-playing scenario, but Stubbs' essay will benefit
someone wishing to explore this aspect of the relationship of the two main characters in greater
depth.


Bibliography:
Bruccoli, Matthew J. and Clark, C.E. Frazer (ed.), Fitzgerald / Hemingway Annual 1973, pp. 271-284, Microcard Editions Books,
Washington, D.C., 1974 

Other sample model essays:

Ernest Hemingway / A Farewell To Arms 4
The overall tone of the book is much different than that of The Sun Also Rises. The characters in the book are propelled by outside forces, in this case WWI, where the characters in SAR seemed to hav...
College Book Reports / A Fictional Story
A Fictional Story Once upon a time... Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, bl...
College Book Reports / A Forest Walk
Johnson 2 A Forest Walk "The path strangled onward into the mystery of the primeval forest"(179). This sentence displays just one of the multiple personalities that the fores...
College Book Reports / A Futuristic Interview With Romeo
SCENE I: Setting: On the set of "Time Voyager", a new television series. Characters: ANN - Announcer ROMEO - Romeo ANN: Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome again to this week"s edition of Time...
College Book Reports / A HAmlet Childhood Memory
I guess I have been oblivious up to this point. I knew things were getting weird but I didn't realize the magnitude of it until my dead father rose from the grave to explain things to me. I remembe...
College Book Reports / A Jest Of God
We were strangers from the beginning tormented by our difference which did not exist. (Betsy Warland) An important ingredient inherent in a successful mother-daughter rela...
College Book Reports / A Lesson Before Dying
SAE Coming of Age October 10, 1996 A Lesson Before Dying In A Lesson Before Dying, Mr. Grant Wiggins' life crises were the center of the story. Although he was supposed ...
A Letter to Shakespeare January 23, 1997 William Shakespeare Stratford upon Avon Dear Mr. Shakespeare Just recently, I have read what it probably your most highly ...
Essay on Impulsiveness in Romeo & Juliet "Wisely and slow: they stumble that run fast"(Pg 91, Line 97) those words spoken by Friar Laurence. Words we must listen too. Impulsiveness leads to d...
College Book Reports / A Man For All Seasons
More's Moral Dilemma During the English renaissance in the 1500's, King Henry VIII wants a divorce from his wife for various reasons, but divorce is against the Catholic religion. This is...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per the rubric.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
it is always perfect
Frederick, Maryland, United States
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663 is absolutely excellent. This writer provides the highest quality of work possible.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD