Essay/Term paper: Third world countries
Essay, term paper, research paper: History
What are some of the major problems faced by "Third
World" Countries today? Who should be held responsible
for these problems? Why? What has Canada done to help
"Third World Countries"? There has always been a dominant
country in the world that sets the economic standard
throughout powerful countries. Canada has always been a
top rated economic country, usually behind the United States
and other large Commonwealth countries. Starting back in
the early to mid 60's, Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre
Trudeau decided to use Canadian revenue as foreign aid.
These included "Third World". Some of the major problems
faced by "Third World" countries today include poor towns
which have had a lack of food sources due to the serious
poverty, lack of clean drinking water, lack of good sanitation
systems, lack of good living conditions, lack of jobs and
there is no industry, therefore no import or export revenue.
The governments of the "Third World" countries have done
horrible jobs of creating good living conditions for their
people and in all have not tried to bring their country out of
their economic slump. As Canada entered it second century,
Prime Minister Trudeau called for a complete review of
Canada's foreign policy. Starting in 1968 interested
Canadians including politicians, journalists, professors,
business leaders, financial experts, as well as church and
labour leaders were invited to offer opinions and advice in
what was called the Trudeau Review. The ending of this
meeting brought about six foreign policy booklets which
outlined the benefits of Canadian foreign aid. Some of these
benefits included to help the Canadian economy grow
stronger, to keep Canada independent, to work for peace
and security, to promote fairness and equality for everyone
and to improve living conditions for all people throughout the
world. The Canadian foreign policy review suggested that
Canada strengthened it's ties with Latin America. Trudeau
visited Mexico, Cuba and Venezuela in 1976. Canada's
trade with Latin America increased from $1099 million in
1970 to $3418 million in 1976. Also Canada gave an
increasing amount of development funds to a number of
Latin American countries. Canada, in 1973 had a major
concern about the middle east and made an effort to bring
about a lasting peace to the Arab-Israeli conflict. 1050
Canadian military specialists became part of the United
Nations emergency force where they tried to maintain a
cease fire by providing supplies, transportation and
communication during the 1973 peacekeeping role. The
Trudeau foreign policy review recommended that Canada
was to work hard to support the United Nations and make it
an effective organization for international co-operation.
Canada contributed heavily, and still does so, to all the U.N
organizations that are striving to help poor nations and are
working toward the disarmament of nuclear weapons and
human rights. Canada contributed the ninth largest share of
the regular annual budget to the United Nations. Another
issue that faced Canada was the fact that China's
membership in the United Nations brought Canada into
conflict with some other U.N members, especially the United
States. Since 1966 Canada had said that it was becoming
increasingly more important that China be represented at the
U.N. At the time, the U.N only recognized the former
government of China which was established on the island of
Taiwan. The Canadian government prides itself on sending
foreign aid to developing countries. In the 1970's there was
an estimated 4.2 billion people on the earth, more then 2.5
billion of them were starving. It was also estimated that by
the year 2000 the starving population could double. Canada
tried very hard to provide these needy "Third World"
countries with the best possible aid. Without the help of
Canada as well as other "First World" countries such as the
United States and Australia the "Third World" countries
would not be around for this long and would have absolutely
no hope of survival.
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