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Essay/Term paper: Immigration & americas future

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Immigration

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Immigration: Immigration & Americas Future, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

The world has gone through a revolution and it has changed a lot. We

have cut the death rates around the world with modern medicine and new

farming methods. For example, we sprayed to destroy mosquitoes in Sri

Lanka in the 1950s. In one year, the average life of everyone in Sri

Lanka was extended by eight years because the number of people dying

from malaria suddenly declined.

This was a great human achievement. But we cut the death rate without

cutting the birth rate. Now population is soaring. There were about

one billion people living in the world when the Statue of Liberty was

built. There are 4.5 billion today. World population is growing at an

enormous rate. The world is going to add a billion people in the next

eleven years, that"s 224,000 every day! Experts say there will be at

least 1.65 billion more people living in the world in the next twenty

years.

We must understand what these numbers mean for the U.S. Let"s look at

the question of jobs. The International Labor organization projects a

twenty-year increase of 600 to 700 million people who will be seeking

jobs.

Eighty-eight percent of the world"s population growth takes place in the

Third World. More than a billion people today are paid about 150

dollars a year, which is less than the average American earns in a

week. And growing numbers of these poorly paid Third World citizens

want to come to the United States.

In the 1970s, all other countries that accept immigrants started

controlling the number of people they would allow into their countries.

The United States did not. This means that the huge numbers of

immigrants who are turned down elsewhere will turn to the United States.

The number of immigrants is staggering. The human suffering they

represent is a nightmare.

Latin America"s population is now 390 million people. It will be 800

million in the year 2025. Mexico"s population has tripled since the

Second World War. One third of the population of Mexico is under ten

years of age, as a result, in just ten years, Mexico"s unemployment rate

will increase 30 percent, as these children become young adults, in

search of work. There were in 1990 an estimated four million illegal

aliens in the United States, and about 55 percent of them were from

Mexico.

These people look to the United States. Human population has always

moved, like waves, to fresh lands. But for the first time in human

history, there are no fresh lands, no new continents. We will have to

think and decide with great care what our policy should be toward

immigration. At this point in history, American immigration policies

are in a mess.

Our borders are totally out of control. Our border patrol arrests 3000

illegal immigrants per day, or 1.2 million per year, and Two illegal

immigrants get in for every one caught. And those caught just try

again!

More than 1 million people are entering the U.S. legally every year.

>From 1983 through 1992, 8.7 million of these newcomers arrived -- the

highest number in any 10-year period since 1910. A record 1.8 million

were granted permanent residence in 1991. Because present law stresses

family unification, these arrivals can bring over their spouses, sons

and daughters: some 3.5 million are now in line to come in. Once here,

they can bring in their direct relatives. As a result, there exists no

visible limit to the number of legal entries.

Until a few years ago, immigrants seeking asylum were rare. In 1975, a

total of 200 applications were received in the U.S. Suddenly, asylum is

the plea of choice in the U.S., and around the world, often as a cover

for economic migration. U.S. applications were up to 103,000 last year,

and the backlog tops 300,000 cases. Under the present asylum rules,

practically anyone who declares that he or she is fleeing political

oppression has a good chance to enter the U.S. Chinese are almost always

admitted, for example, if they claim that China"s birth-control policies

have limited the number of children they can have.

Right now, once aliens enter the U.S., it is almost impossible to deport

them, even if they have no valid documents. Thousands of those who enter

illegally request asylum only if they are caught. The review process can

take 10 years or more, and applicants often simply disappear while it is

under way. Asylum cases are piling up faster than they can be cleared,

with the Immigration and Naturalization Service falling farther behind

every year. At her confirmation hearings at the end of September, Doris

Meissner, Clinton"s nominee as commissioner of the Immigration and

Naturalization Services, conceded, ""The asylum system is broken, and we

need to fix it.""

Adding the numbers of legal and illegal immigrants, 50 percent of all

U.S. population growth comes from immigration. While Americans try to

have smaller families, immigration threatens our nation. If immigration

rates continue to be this high, more than seventy million people will be

added to the United States population in just fifty years, with no end

in sight. We are taking in more people than all of the rest of the

world combined. As have all the other countries of the word, America

needs to control its borders. As every house needs a door, so every

country needs a border. And yet, our borders are full of holes. We

have clearly lost control over our future. Our children will pay the

price of uncontrolled immigration.

The United States is no longer an empty continent. In 1886, when the

Statue of Liberty was built, there were 58 million people in the United

States. In 1984 there were 240 million people, that"s four times the

total population in less then a century

The U.S. cannot and should not be the home of last resort for all the

world s poor, huddled masses. We are not doing a good job with our own

poor, as we see more people without jobs.

Supporters of immigration use many arguments to support their side.

Let"s look at a few of these arguments: Illegal immigrants take jobs no

Americans want. The fact is that the average illegal immigrant arrested

in Denver, Colorado, made more than seven dollars an hour. Many were

making over 100 dollars per day. Denver identified 43 illegal aliens

making 100 dollars per day as roofers, while 438 people were registered

in their employment services who would have loved those jobs. The

average illegal immigrant arrested in Chicago makes $5.65 an hour. More

than thirty million American workers make less than that.

A common belief is that aliens fulfill many of the least desirable

jobs. However, most experts agree that in today"s economy, there is no

shortage of Americans competing for many of these same jobs. Actually,

many Americans already work in these low-paying jobs. For example: the

poor black woman, who works as a seamstress, Her boss asked her to train

a new employee, an illegal immigrant. As soon as she finished training

her new charge, she was fired. Her position, of course, went to the

illegal immigrant, who was willing to work for less pay, and under

deplorable working conditions. This is one example of how illegal

workers depress wages, and slow, stall or prevent unionization or

improvements to working conditions.

Another myth cited by supporters of immigration is that illegal

immigrants work hard, pay taxes, and do not go on welfare. The sad

truth is that these folks seem to learn the ropes of the welfare system

with incredible speed.

Today"s illegal immigrants apply for and receive benefits from the

government that citizens need. According to Donald L. Huddle, an

economist at Rice University in Texas, legal and illegal immigrants cost

the nation a net 42.5 billion dollars in 1992. The Huddle study also

found that in 1992, more than 2 million Americans were displaced from

their jobs by illegal immigrants. This resulted in an additional 11.9

billion dollars in public assistance.

In California alone, they cost more than 18 billion dollars a year.

California currently has an estimated 300,000 illegal immigrants now

attending grades' 0-12. This will costs the California tax payers an

estimated 1.5 billion dollars. This is 10 percent of the students

currently enrolled in our elementary schools today! California has

49.8 percent of the countries illegal aliens, therefore, California pays

multiple costs for its leaky borders.

Providing health care for illegal immigrants costs California tax payers

400 million dollars annually. Illegals drain about two billion dollars

a year for incarceration, schooling and Medicaid from the budgets of

such major destination states as Texas, Florida and California. For

California alone, a 1993 study by the California Legislature estimates

criminal justice costs involving illegal immigrants to be 385 million

dollars to the state, with an additional 112 million dollars to local or

county government. This is a total cost of 497 million dollars, paid by

the California tax payer, each and every year!

Illinois did a study showing that it paid 66 million dollars in

unemployment benefits to illegal immigrants in one year, despite a law

that was supposed to stop illegal immigrants from getting unemployment

benefits. Los Angeles estimates that it spends 269 million dollars in

social services on illegal immigrants each year. Every person added to

our population drains our natural resources and contributes to the

destruction of our environment.

In a Pulitzer-Prize-winning study, the Des Moines Register found that

for every person added to our population, 1.5 acres of the richest farm

land goes out of production to make way for new houses, roads, and

shopping centers. If this continues, the United States will stop

shipping food to other countries shortly after the year 2000. How can

the United States feed the hungry people of the world?

The national majority now says it favors cutting back on legal

immigration. A TIME/CNN poll determined last week that 77 percent of

those surveyed felt the government was not doing enough to keep out

illegal immigrants. For years now, the battle has raged between the

federal authorities who are supposed to police the borders and the

states who pay the price if they fail.

In an attempt to reduce illegal immigration, Nevada Senator Harry Reid,

has introduced a bill that would establish an annual limit of 300,000

newcomers, including ""immediate relatives,"" and a national

identification card. Congress passed legislation in 1986 that

stipulates fines and other penalties for employers who knowingly hire

illegal aliens. The bill includes provisions to grant amnesty to

illegal aliens who were in the United States prior to January 1, 1982,

and to aid farmers who have relied on illegal aliens to harvest their

crops.

Does anyone benefit from the rising tide of illegal immigration?

Businesses that can profit from employing illegals at low wages do. And

many illegals are better off here than in their own countries. But many

others are exploited by dishonest employers and are treated like slaves.

These immigrants are denied the rights and privileges we want every

person in the United States to enjoy.

In closing, we must all realize this issue will not go away. Other

generations of Americans made great sacrifices so that we today can

enjoy the freedom, the quality of life, and the standard of living that

we have. When I think of what uncontrolled immigration will do to the

dreams of my parents and grandparents, what it will mean to the future

of my children, I realize that we will find a way to control

immigration. Because we must.

Primary And Secondary Sources



(These listings are in order of their importance, in category.)



"Immigration: Identifying Propaganda Techniques"

· Bonnie Szumski & JoAnne Buggey, Ph.D.

College of Education, University of ` Minnesota

(Greenhaven Press 1989)



"Immigration-Opposing Viewpoints"

· David Bender & Bruno Leone, Series Editors

· William Dudley, Book Editor

(Greenhaven Press 1990)



"The Essential Immigrant"

· Dan Lacey

(Hippocrene Books 1990)



"Immigration"

· Kelly C. Anderson

(Lucent Books 1993)



"Immigration-A pictorial History of"

· Oscar Handlin

(Crown Publishers 1972)



"Immigrants, Refugees, and U.S. Policy"

· Grant S McClellan

(H. W. Wilson Company 1981)



"Immigration and Illegal Aliens"

· Mark A. Siegel, M.A., Ph.D.

· Nancy R. Jacobs, B.A., M.A.

· Patricia A. Von Brook, B.A., M.S.

(Information Plus 1989)

Newsprint Articles examined from

the following publications:



· Des Moines Register

· Los Angeles Times

· Orange County Register



America On Line

Numerous Articles were reviewed.

A word search was performed on the system,

using the keywords:



· Immigration

· Borders

· Aliens

· Liberty



All Articles Were Transmitted Within

The Past 8 Months



Excerpts from:

· Donald L. Huddle

Economist, Rice University: Texas

· Doris Meissner

(Clinton"s nominee as

Commissioner of the INS) 

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