+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  

Essay/Term paper: Dangers and destructions of floods and hurricanes

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Argumentative Essays

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Argumentative Essays: Dangers And Destructions Of Floods And Hurricanes, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

Dangers and Destructions of Floods and Hurricanes

Floods and hurricanes have been effecting the lives of people around
the world for years. This research paper is going to state some of the worst
floods and hurricanes, and how future ones can be controlled.
A flood is an overflow of water on dry land. The two types of floods
are coastal and river floods. Coastal floods are the first topic in this
research paper.
A coastal flood is the flooding of beaches and surrounding areas;
including bar spits and deltas. They can be effected by tidal waves and coastal
currents. Coastal floods can cover a large amount of distance along a shore. The
length of time a coastal flood is dangerous is usually very short. It depends on
how high the tide is which goes up and down twice a day. When the velocities of
hurricane winds become severe the height of the waves become three or more feet
higher than the previous high tide. Coastal floods can be caused by a number of
things. Coastal floods can be caused by runoff, hurricane waves, tsunami
(seismic sea waves), and hurricane rains. Coastal flooding can not only take
part on oceans but it can also take part on lakes. Coastal flooding can be a
great danger because coast lines are very densely populated areas. In the United
States in the early 1990's 50% of the population was on a coastal county.1
Although they shrink before reaching shore, wind generated waves have been
spotted to be as high as 30 m (100 ft) in the middle of the ocean.2 In 1970 a
major storm in the Bay of Bengal produced heavy seas that flooded regions of
East Pakistan, killing about 200,000 people.3
River flooding can happen a number of ways. The causes are rain,
snowmelt, and ice jams. Soil can not absorb as much water with continuos
moistening. The longer that precipitation lasts the more water flows into
streams as runoff. Cloudburst floods only last for a couple hours, but they need
a large amount of rainfall. This usually only happens in mountainous areas. They
are called flash floods. Floods occurring from snowmelt and ice jams do not have
to be preceded by heavy rains. Moderate amounts of rain can make things even
worse because the ground does not absorb it. Floods can result in the failure
dams, aqueducts, weirs, landfills, paving, construction, and storm sewers. They
are artificial causes.
In 1993 when rainfall lasted from April until July in Iowa, Illinois,
Minnesota, Missouri, Wisconsin, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas, it covered
about 16 billion acres.4 Many deaths and $10 billion in damage was the result
flood level records.5 In March of 1936 snowmelt equaling 10-30 in. of rain
occurred in New England.6107 people died and $270 million in damage was done.7
In 1972 at Logan County, West Va. a dam collapsed following three days of rain.
In less than four hours 118 lives had been taken and $65 million in damages was
done.8 In January of 1995 18 counties and several parts of Calif. were declared
disaster areas by President Clinton and 1,000 shelters were opened.9 A 21 year
old Californian surfer watched his house be flooded, but on the bright side the
waves should be good tomorrow. People have paddled past gas stations and are
eating hot dogs and marshmallows for supper. Here is a table concerning the
rainfall of California in January of 1994.

L.A. 7.36 in. .67 in. (average)
San Francisco 5.28 in. 1.40 in. "
Sacramento 6.60 in. 1.10 in. "
Redding 9.39 in. 1.50 in. "

National Weather Service Com. California Department of Water Resources.10

The averages for deaths and damages since 1970 from floods is 200
deaths and $4 billion in damage.11 It would be much higher if it wasn't for the
National Weather Service River and Flooding Forecasting Service. The National
Weather Service River and Flooding Forecasting Service gives flood watches and
flood warnings to the civilians. The forecasting of floods are based on
Meteorologists, upstream information, and how different places respond to
precipitation. The United States Coast and Geologic Survey monitors seismic
waves and tides in the Pacific Ocean. It is said to have saved many lives. Flood
analysts can measure the probability of floods of various sizes. If a flood has
a 1 in 100 chance of being equaled it is called a 100 - year flood.12
Where major flooding happens once a year, the need for land is
larger than the dangers of flooding. In 1985 the Delta Plan was completed. It is
9 km. of steel gates suspended between 66concrete pillars on the Delta River.13
The Thames River has a similar construction. It was completed in 1982. Examples
of structural flood control are dams, reservoirs, levees, dikes, stream channels,
flood-diversion systems, and watershields. Dams control and impound water at
times of flood and release when the flood is over. Artificial levees raise the
heights of stream banks. This can often fail. Straightening flood channels
allows water to flow faster and shallower. It is often temporary. The
nonstructural approach is simply preventing building in a floodplain. The
National Flood Insurance Act provides insurance for communities in flood prone
By definition a hurricane is a violent storm with winds over 75
miles per hour. A hurricane is much more than that. A hurricane is a storm and
also a disaster that includes many deaths and expensive damages. A hurricane is
something that can not be described in this paper. Some say a hurricane can be
summed up in two words "Death Storm".
A hurricane is the name applied to migratory tropical cyclones that
originate over oceans in certain regions near the equator, and particularly to
those arising in the West Indian region, including the Caribbean Sea and the
Gulf of Mexico.
Most hurricanes originate within the doldrums, a narrow equatorial
belt characterized by intermittent calms, light variable breezes, and frequent
squalls, and lying between the northeast and southeast trade winds. As the
doldrums of the Atlantic are situated largely to the north of the equator,
hurricanes do not occur in the South Atlantic Ocean. The Pacific doldrums extend
north and south of the equator; thus hurricanes occur in the south and north
Pacific Oceans.
Hurricanes generally move in a path resembling the curve of a
parabola. In the northern hemisphere the storms usually travel first in a north
westerly direction and in the higher latitudes turn toward the northeast. In the
southern hemisphere the usual path of the hurricane is initially to the
southwest and subsequently to the southeast. Hurricanes travel at varying rates.
In the lower latitudes the rate ranges from 8 to 32 km/hr and in the higher
latitudes it may increase to as much as 80 km/hr. Those areas in which the
hurricane winds blow in the same direction as the general movement of the storm
are subjected to the maximum destructive violence of the hurricane.
Hurricane Emily packed winds around 80 miles per hour and was a
level 3.14 Hurricane Emily's gale force winds hit North Carolina at 39 miles per
hour, but that was all.15 Emily brought 115 miles per hour winds and heavy rains
to the Outer Banks in 1993. It dumped 4 to 8 in. of rain.16 Hurricane Hugo
packed 135 miles per hour winds and killed 21.17 It was the worst in 35 years to
hit Charleston, South Carolina. It killed tourism instantly but temporarily.
Most hurricanes reach velocities of 100 to 180 miles per hour, and a
radius of 6 to 60 mi. Hurricanes could have a diameter of up to 2,000 mi.18 That
is a very large one. The eye has light winds of up to 6 and60 miler per hour. It
has minimum surface pressure.19
Hurricanes use to be detected by land reports. Now they can be
detected by air. Hurricanes started to get their names in 1953 by the United
States Weather Service. The National Hurricane Center can predict hurricanes by
using models. Professionals can track a hurricane in 20 minutes and error free
within 48 miles.20 By hurricane season of 1996 a 36 hour forecast should be as
accurate as a 24 hour forecast was 2 years ago.21
That concludes my research paper on floods and hurricanes. This
paper tried to show you how dangerous and how horrible the natural disasters
really are. Floods and hurricanes cause nothing but turmoil anywhere they happen.
This paper states that floods and hurricanes are as dangerous now as ever, but
thankfully they are being controlled more and more each year.


Other sample model essays:

Dante Alighieri: A Poetic Descent into Metaphorical Hell "Abandon all hope, ye who enter here" Only through a journey into hell can we hope to attain paradise... His Early Life: ...
David Guterson and His Use of the Theme of Nature David Guterson, a young American author, has written two major works regarding aspects of human nature and human emotions. His first publi...
Personal Writing: The Day of Surprise "That's so cool!" I exclaimed. In my hand was a Valentines Day card which folded to make a spaceship. I was in a Hallmark card shop with my father, ...
Argumentative Essays / The Theme Of Death In Poems
The Theme of Death in Poems Death is a common theme in many poems. It is viewed so differently to everyone. In the poems, "Because I could not stop for Death," "First Death in Nova Scoti...
Death of a Salesman / Death Of A Salesman: Willy Loman
Death of a Salesman: Willy Loman Willy Loman is responsible for his own downfall. Willy finds his own hero and tries to become the hero in his own existence. Willy tries to become a very...
Argumentative Essays / Critique Of "Death Of The Author"
Critique of "Death of the Author" The title to the story "The Death of an Author," by Roland Barthes, suggests this story may be a fictional novel about the story of an author's death. Per...
Death of a Salesman: Symbols in the Play Many symbols are incorporated into the play "Death of a Sales man" and they in turn relate to both character and theme. The hose, tape recorder and the...
Death of a Salesman / Death Of A Salesman: Willy Lowman
Death of a Salesman: Willy Lowman No one has a perfect life. Everyone has conflicts that they must face sooner or later. The ways in which people deal with these personal conflicts...
Death of a Salesman / Death Of A Salesman Vs. Hamlet
Death Of A Salesman Vs. Hamlet Willy Loman and Hamlet, two characters so alike, though different. Both are perfect examples of tragedy in literature, though for separate reasons and by di...
Death of a Salesman: Society's Alienation of Willy Loman By: Joey Powell It is often stated that society is very judgmental. It can be seen in movies, literary works, or just an everyday ...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
, ,
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per th
, ,
it is always perfect
, ,
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663
, ,
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD