+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  

Essay/Term paper: Dante alighieri: a poetic descent into metaphorical hell

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Argumentative Essays

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Argumentative Essays: Dante Alighieri: A Poetic Descent Into Metaphorical Hell, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

Dante Alighieri: A Poetic Descent into Metaphorical Hell

"Abandon all hope, ye who enter here"

Only through a journey into hell can we hope to attain paradise...

His Early Life:

Dante Alighieri was born under the sign of Gemini, he was thought to be
born on May 29, but this is not certain. He was born in Florence, the son of
Alighiero II, his family was one of lower nobility. His mother died when he was
a child and his father when he was eighteen. According to him, the most
profound event in his youth was when in 1274 he met Beatrice, whom scholars
believe to be Beatrice Portinari, a noble woman. It really matter's not who she
was, for he saw her infrequently and never spoke to her. Nevertheless she
became the focus of his love, and after her death she became his muse. She is a
focal point in his works, including La vita nuova(The New Life) and La divina
commedia(The Divine Comedy). Dante's education remains an unknown, however his
writing skill and knowledge make it evident that he was well schooled. It is
thought that he attended Florentine schools but also continued learning on his
own. He seemed to be influenced greatly by Brunetto Latini, who has a large
part in The Divine Comedy. His early writings attracted the attention of Guido
Cavalcanti, a popular Italian poet of the day, as Dante's skill became more
defined the two became friends. It is also thought that Dante studied at the
university in Bologna around the year 1285.
He became involved in some political altercations, he joined the Guelphs,
as opposed to the Chibellines, and he was involved in a battle and emerged
victorious. It was around this time, 1290, that Beatrice died, after she died
he began studying philosophy, he read the works of Boethius and Cicero. He soon
after married Gemma Donati, a member of a noble Florentine Guelph family. He
attempted to settle down and forget Beatrice, however he became more and more
engulfed in the party scene, he discovered the pleasure of banquets, and was
seen engaged in public rhyming contests. These contests were a sort of poetic
insult contest that often decayed into vulgarity. Thankfully, this period did
not last long, in 1295, Dante suddenly became very interested in the political
situation in Florence.

His Adult Life:

In the year 1295 he held several local offices, he was then elected to
be one of the six magistrates of Florence, however, he held this position only
two months. Dante, from 1295 to 1297, was part of the Special Council of the
People, he also took part in the campaign for the prior, and was a member of the
Council of the One Hundred. The political situation in Florence at the time was
very turbulent, the two feuding factions within the Guelph party in Florence,
the Cerchi and the Donati or the Whites and The Blacks were both vying for power.
The Blacks, or Donati, were of noble birth and lineage but were not exceedingly
rich, and they saw the pope as an ally against imperial power. The Whites, or
Cerchi, were not of noble lineage, but had made a vast fortune trading and
wished to become a part of the aristocracy, they wished to remain independent of
all control, papal or imperial. After a particularly violent skirmish the
leaders of both parties were exiled in order to provide peace, however, Pope
Boniface VIII helped the leaders of the Black return. These Blacks seized power
and banned Dante from the city for two years and imposed upon him heavy fines,
he did not pay the fines, and they said he would be killed should he ever return
to Florence.
Dante's immediate response was a desire to join with the other exiles
and organize, they would retake the city by force. The exiled people were more
concerned with their own interests than retaking Florence, the movement never
even really got underway. There were a few isolated skirmishes, called the Wars
of Mugello, but they were all unsuccessful. Dante was disgusted by the utter
lack of motivation in his companions, and he decided to go his own way.
Dante spent time in Northern Italy and in Verona, he made his way to
Paris around 1307, there he joined the Ghibellines, hoping to unite all of
Europe under the reign of an "enlightened emperor"1. There are no certain
records documenting Dante's travels so most of the information on this period is
mere speculation. It is thought that while in Northern Italy Dante wrote De
Vulgari Eloquentia(Concerning the Common Speech) and the unfinished
Convivio(Banquet) He probably also began The Divine Comedy around 1307.
Dante once again became engulfed in politics around 1310 with the
arrival of Henry VII King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor. Henry wanted to
bring all of Italy together, Dante supported him in this endeavor. He wrote to
many Italian princes and political leaders asking them to welcome Henry, Dante
thought this would end the continuing feuds between Italy's cities. Some
Florentines started a movement against Henry that spread throughout Italy, when
Henry finally acted his movement failed miserably. Henry died in 1313 and this
obviously brought Dante's hopes to an end. During this time Dante probably
wrote De Monarchia(On Monarchy)

Final Years:

Dante was invited to return to Florence in 1316, however, he was to be
treated as a pardoned criminal. Dante refused these terms and continued to live
in exile. He spent his last days in Ravenna, dying there on September 13 or 14
in 1321. In the last years of his life Dante wrote Quaestion de Acqua et
Terra(Question of Water and of Earth) and two Latin eclogues.

Florence During Dante's Time:

Dante lived in Florence around the year 1300. The population then was
around 90,000 people in the city itself and 80,000 in the surrounding rural
areas. The city was run by the following public officials: The mayor, the
public defender, the chief of justice, the captain of the guard, the tax
assessor, the official in charge of regulations concerning women's ornaments,
the administrator of the trade regulations, the official in charge of the wool
guild, the ecclesiastical officials, and the grand inquisitor. Florence was a
bustling city and the center of Italian culture during this time period and on
through the Renaissance.

His Works:

His first important work was La vita nuova(The New Life), written not
that long after Beatrice's death. It chronicled, in the form of sonnets woven
together with prose, his love for her, his premonition of her death, her actual
death and his commitment that he would write a work that would be a worthy
monument for her. While remaining in relative obscurity when compared to The
Divine Comedy, The New Life is considered a great work, it was of a new format,
the finest work of the "new sweet style"1 of contemporary Florentine vernacular
poetry. It is considered to be one of the greatest works of European verse ever,
Dante portrays his subject using "lofty idealism"1 and suggests a "spiritual
De Vulgari Eloquentia(Concerning Common Speech) was written around 1305.
It is basically an argument for the Italian Language, it defends vernacular and
it acts basically a justification for Dante's writing in vernacular.
Convivio(Banquet) was written between 1304 and 1307 and was intended to
be a series of fifteen books, on all the knowledge of the time. The first book
was to be an introduction, and the other fourteen were to take the form of
commentary on fourteen poems of Dante, sadly however only four books were
De Monarchia(On Monarchy) is a book of Dante's philosophy, including the
need for a supranational Holy Roman Emperor and the need for complete separation
of church and state.
Quaestio de Acqua et Terra(The Question of Water and of Earth) written
near the end of Dante's life was a fairly minor work, it basically concerned
whether or not the water at any point on the surface of the planet was higher
than the land. Quite an important topic indeed...
Dante's crowning achievement, The Divine Comedy takes readers on a
descent into hell. Dante's strong religious background sets the backdrop for
this terrifying journey. Readers look onward as human forms are condemned, and
as humans are lifted into paradise. This work is often misunderstood, the story
is told that Dante was once walking down the street when he saw that two girls
shrank away from him. One spoke to the other, "Did you see him? He's the one
who comes and goes to Hell and brings back news of the damned who live there"
The other one answered, "Ah, that's why his complexion is so dark. The smoke
must have blackened him" Many people during his time viewed him as a sorcerer
or a mystic.
This work can be interpreted on many levels, according to one source the
"literal, allegorical, moral, and mystical"1. It's meaning varies upon the
reader, one person may see a beautiful piece of literature, while another may
see a frightening glimpse into their future. Some may denounce The Divine
Comedy as heresy, while others still may embrace it and welcome it's lessons
into their lives. It is a story of hellish torment, and eternal paradise, it is
a love story, it is the story of man who becomes lost in the forest of life and
finds his way by means of strong guiding forces(the poet Virgil, Beatrice, The
Deity). It is the story of coming once again into life and embracing it for
what is, a journey through darkness, and an emergence into light, be that fiery
red, or divine white.


1. Infopedia 2.0 Copyright 1996 Softkey Multimedia, Inc.
2. Dante Chronology Copyright 1995 ILT
3. Dante, His Life, His Times, His Works Copyright 1968
Arnoldo Mondadori-Milano Translated From Italian by Giuseppini T.
Salvadori and Bernice L. Lewis
4. Volume XI The Chronicle by Giovanni Villani


Other sample model essays:

David Guterson and His Use of the Theme of Nature David Guterson, a young American author, has written two major works regarding aspects of human nature and human emotions. His first publi...
Personal Writing: The Day of Surprise "That's so cool!" I exclaimed. In my hand was a Valentines Day card which folded to make a spaceship. I was in a Hallmark card shop with my father, ...
Argumentative Essays / The Theme Of Death In Poems
The Theme of Death in Poems Death is a common theme in many poems. It is viewed so differently to everyone. In the poems, "Because I could not stop for Death," "First Death in Nova Scoti...
Death of a Salesman / Death Of A Salesman: Willy Loman
Death of a Salesman: Willy Loman Willy Loman is responsible for his own downfall. Willy finds his own hero and tries to become the hero in his own existence. Willy tries to become a very...
Argumentative Essays / Critique Of "Death Of The Author"
Critique of "Death of the Author" The title to the story "The Death of an Author," by Roland Barthes, suggests this story may be a fictional novel about the story of an author's death. Per...
Death of a Salesman: Symbols in the Play Many symbols are incorporated into the play "Death of a Sales man" and they in turn relate to both character and theme. The hose, tape recorder and the...
Death of a Salesman / Death Of A Salesman: Willy Lowman
Death of a Salesman: Willy Lowman No one has a perfect life. Everyone has conflicts that they must face sooner or later. The ways in which people deal with these personal conflicts...
Death of a Salesman / Death Of A Salesman Vs. Hamlet
Death Of A Salesman Vs. Hamlet Willy Loman and Hamlet, two characters so alike, though different. Both are perfect examples of tragedy in literature, though for separate reasons and by di...
Death of a Salesman: Society's Alienation of Willy Loman By: Joey Powell It is often stated that society is very judgmental. It can be seen in movies, literary works, or just an everyday ...
Analysis of the Ending of "Death of a Salesman" The play "Death of a Salesman" shows the final demise of Willy Loman, a sixty- year-old salesman in the America of the 1940's, who has deluded h...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
, ,
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per th
, ,
it is always perfect
, ,
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663
, ,
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD