+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  
 
 
 
 

Essay/Term paper: The 5 themes in geography

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Geography

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Geography: The 5 Themes In Geography, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.



GY202 Geographic Thought
Essay #1 - The Five Themes in Geography
September 6, 1995
John Doe


During the 1980's the United States showed unacceptably low test scores on simple Geographic tests. The point Committee on Geographic Education could only attribute these results to Geographic Illiteracy, not only on the part of the students, but more importantly on the educators themselves. By 1984 it had become inexplicably clear that immediate action must take place to counteract this ongoing problem in our educational institutions (Journal of Geography 89). In response, the Joint Committee on Geographic Education produced a landmark publication entitled "Guidelines for Geographic Education". This document contained a scope and sequence in Geography with suggested learning results for the nations primary and secondary school systems, as well as suggested educational strategies for analysis on the part of the students and teachers. Most importantly, this article provided the Five Fundamental Themes in Geography, which have evolved to become an integral element of social studies education, because they take the world of geographic study beyond the realm of basic memorization, and into a new plane of analysis and implementation. These five themes include location, place, human-environment interactions, movement, and regions.

Location answers the question of "where?". If you plan to meet someone at a specific time, and a specific place, the question of "Where will you meet?" must first be answered. To resolve this situation, Geography employs Absolute Location, and Relative Location.
Absolute Location applies a grid-matrix system to the earth's surface in the form of coordinates. These coordinates, longitude and latitude, allow geographers to pinpoint exact areas of the earth's surface, and other planetary bodies as well. If Geographers wish to apply satellite technology to observe an area of the earth's surface, coordinates are used to pinpoint an exact location.
Relative Location answers the simple question of where you would meet a person. For example: "Let's meet at Martin Hall, the building next to the Library." But, relative location is much deeper than simple location. It also involves interdependence of a location based upon its resources, people, and environment.
If one wishes to build a ski resort, the location of that resort must be relative with the environment of the location. It would be illogical, and non-profitable to build a ski resort in the Mojave desert. However, it would be logical to build a resort in the higher elevations of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, Idaho, or Montana.
Every area on the surface of the earth is defined by some type of characteristic. Siberia is known to be very cold, but also a part of the Soviet Union, a formerly communist country. Belize is known to be very warm, but it is also an English speaking country which houses a tropical rain forest. To define these basic geographical characteristics, Geographers have placed them into three categories under the heading of "place" - Physical, Human, and Observed Characteristics.
Physical Characteristics are those characteristics which define the physical environment of a place . This environment includes the climate, physical terrain, and plant and animal life.
Human Characteristics are those things which people have done to an environment to change them. People construct buildings in which to live, shop, work, pray, and play. People are also defined by their religion, race, languages they speak, and philosophies and ideologies in which they live.
Observed Characteristics are in part an overflow of human characteristics. People change their environment, this change can be observed in everyday life; the roads we use to get to work or school, the power lines used to heat our homes, the pollution exuded from our factories to produce the luxuries we crave, all of these represent changes to our environment. These physical changes represent the observed characteristics of a place.
Human- Environment interactions are the way people react with their environment (Guidelines for Geographic Education). Living with the environment is not a one way street, we can not continually expect to take from mother earth without giving something in return. We take for granted the air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we consume, and the houses in which we live. The important thing to remember is where did these amenities come from?
The human population continues to pour thousands of tons of combustion emissions into the atmosphere every day, these emissions include not only carbon dioxide, but chloroflourocarbons from refrigerants as well, which escalates the depletion of the ozone (O3) layer exponentially (film - Geography tutor). Only recently did our governments pass a law banning the use of chloroflorocarbons. Sadly, humans continue to deplete one of earth's greatest natural resources which could aid in the natural repair of the ozone layer, our rain forests. The list of violations people incur upon the environment everyday is endless, but it is the most important of the five themes in geography - Human/Environment interactions - and the reason is very simple. If our population continues to rape the environment in the fashion in which it has over the last two hundred years, very soon, there will be no environment left. Mother nature is very forgiving, but her resources are being pulled out from under her at a rate in which she can not repair herself. If she dies, we all shall surely perish as well.
Movement is simply the migration of people, products, information, and ideas within or between regions (Journal of Geography 1990). People on earth are now linked in virtually every way via transportation, communication, and technological networks which allow for the sharing of ideas, philosophies, goods, and services within virtually every corner of the globe.
The last of the five themes of geography consists of the idea of regions. A region is not only a place where a group of people of similar nationality, race, or religious belief reside. A region can also be a defining physical characteristic of a place. The Sahara and Sahel of Africa is a desert region. Defined by its consistently hot and dry climate. Great Britain of old encompassed one of the greatest regional empires of the world, which extended from Australia, to Belize, to the North American Continent, and finally to her own islands. A region simply put, is a place which has a unique physical, racial, cultural, or environmental characteristic which defines it separately form other regions.
The five fundamental themes of geography offer educators a new and unique perspective on the world of geography. This perspective breaks down the vast array of knowledge contained in the world of geography into its simplest simplest form, allowing teachers to convey the basic concepts of geography. These basic concepts are the key to understanding. Once the student learns the five basic themes, he or she can then apply the themes to virtually every aspect of our physical and cultural environment. Which in the end will provide a much deeper understanding of geography, as well as eliminating the problem of geographic illiteracy in our schools. After all, education is not memorization, education is understanding.








Bibliography
1. "The Four Traditions of Geography", The Journal of Geography, May 1964, pg. 211 - 213, William D. Pattison
2. "The New School Geography: A Critique", The Journal of Geography, February 1990, pg. 27 - 30, Robert Harper
3. "An Elaboration of the Fundamental Themes in Geography", Social Education, May 1994, pg. 211 - 213, Richard G. Boehm and James F. Petersen.
4. "Guidelines for Geographic Education", National Council for Geographic Education and Association of American Geographers., 1984.

--------------------------------------------------------------
 

Other sample model essays:

Peru's gross domestic product in the late 1980s was $19.6 billion, or about $920 per capita. Although the economy remains primarily agricultural, the mining and fishing industries have become increa...
World History / The Airship
THE HISTORY OF THE AIRSHIP Airships. In the early years of War, these beasts were known for their majestic presence in the sky and were icons of a country"s power and prestige. They reigned most...
4)The Application of Science to Engineering Improvements in engineering are very important to the industrialization and prosperity of a country. Although engineering improvements sometimes come t...
Geography / The Arctic Tundra
Location The Tundra is located in the northern regions of North America, Europe, Asia, as well as a few regions of Antarctica. The Tundra is the second largest vegetation zone in Canada. It can be d...
World History / The Blackfoot Indians
The Blackfoot Indians The wind blows across the lone prairie, causing the golden heads of grass to sway in a synchronized motion. On the horizon stands a herd of buffalo with bowed heads silhouet...
"Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians": The Causes of the Showa Restoration          Sonno joi, "Restore the Emperor and expel the Barbarians," was the battle cry that ushe...
World History / The Chisholm Trail
Chisholm Trail When the railroads moved west to the Great Plains, the "Cattle Boom" began. Southern Texas became a major ranching area with the raising of longhorn cattle from Mexico. Cattle was b...
Geography / The Colorado River
Geography Colorado River Geographers can tell you that the one thing that most rivers and their adjacent flood plains in the world have in common is that they have rich histories associated with hu...
American history has few subjects as interesting as witchcraft, because it confronts us with many Ideas about women. It confronts us with fears about women, the place of women in society, and with ...
World History / The Devil's Shadow
Time Setting: The Devil"s Shadow by Clifford Lindsey Alderman took place in the late seventeenth century from 1692-1693. This is the time period that the Salem Witch Trials took place. The main p...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per the rubric.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
it is always perfect
Frederick, Maryland, United States
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663 is absolutely excellent. This writer provides the highest quality of work possible.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD