+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  

Essay/Term paper: Animal farm: political issues

Essay, term paper, research paper:  George Orwell

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on George Orwell: Animal Farm: Political Issues, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

Animal Farm: Political Issues

Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his psuedonym George Orwell, is an
English author commonly known to write about political issues. Orwell has been
highly acclaimed and criticized for his novels, including one of his most
famous, Animal Farm. In a satirical form, George Orwell uses personified farm
animals to express his views on stalinism in the novel Animal Farm.

Throughout Orwell's early novels, democratic socialism kept the author
from total despair of all humans(Greenblatt 104). After his better experience
in the Spanish Civil War and the shock of the Nazi-Soviet pact, Orwell
developed Animal Farm. The socialism Orwell believed in was not a hardheaded
"realistic" approach to society and polotics but a rather sentimental, utopian
vision of the world as a "raft sailing through space, with, potentially, plenty
of provisions for everybody"(Grennblatt 106).

Animal Farm is a satirical beast fable which has been heralded as
Orwell's lightest, gayest work(Brander 126). It is a novel based on the first
thirty years of the Soviet Union, a real society pursuing the ideal of equality.
His book argues that this kind of society has not worked and could not (Meyers
102). Animal Farm has also been known as a an enter-taining, witty tale of a
farm whose oppressed animals, capable of speech and reason, overcome a cruel
master and set up a revolutionary government(Meyers 103). On another, more
serious level, it is a political allegory, a symbolic tale where all the events
and characters represent events and characters in Russian history since
1917(Meyers 103).

Orwell uses actual historical events to construct Animal Farm, but
rearranges them to fit his plot. Manor Farm is Russia, Mr. Jones the Tsar, the
pigs the Bolsheviks who led the revolution. The humans represent the ruling
class, the animals the workers and the peasants. Old Major, the inspiration of
the rebellion, is a combination of Marx, the chief theorist and Lenin, the
actual leader(Meyers 105). Old Major dies before the rebellion just as Lenin did
in the Russian revolution. In actuality Stalin and Trotsky argue over power
after Lenin's death, which Orwell satirizes in Napolean and Snowball.

In Animal Farm, Orwell immediately establishes the Soviet political
allegory as Old Major (Marx/Lenin) describes the exploitation of animals by
humans and the statement "all animals are comrades." The animals continuous
singing of "Beasts of England" can be seen not only as a symbol of the decay of
communist notions of a perfect state, but also as Orwell's more general comment
on the decline of true liberty and equality in the west (Gardner 99).

The progress of the revolution from a common idealism to a state system
of leader, police, and workers happens rather rapidly. The animals take over the
farm and the pigs ( Bolsheviks ) emerge as natural organizers. The pigs rduce
the principles of animalism in seven simple commandments and develop a green and
white version of the Russian hammer and sickle flag. Instead, theirs has "a hoof
and horn which signifies the future Republic of the animals which would arise
when the human race had been finally overthrown"(Orwell 89). Orwell demonstrates
both the greed and the hypocracy involved in the urge to power when the clever
pigs contribute to none of the work and keep for themselves all the milk and

During the novel, the pigs continue to gain more and more power. In the
pigs uprise of power, the Seven Commandments are an effective structural device.
Their different alterations resemble the pigs' progressive rise to power. The
pigs' gradual acquisition of priveleges- apples, milk, house, whisky, beer,
clothes- leads to the final identification of pig and human, Communist and
capitalist(Gardner 101).

The blurring of the past and the hardening shape of the present, grim,
greedy, or just pragmatic, are accompanied by betrayal of the spirit of the
revolution exemplified in the ammendments made into the "Seven Commandments" of
"Animalism"(Gardner 102). Costantly these are changed by one of the deceiving
pigs, Squealer. The puzzled animals can not figure out with trying to keep pace
with the pigs increasing authority. So the commandments such as, "No animal
shall sleep in a bed" becomes, when the pigs move into the farmhouse, "No
animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets." Also, after the savage killings "No
animal shall kill another" is modified by the addition of "without a cause."

Each event that occurs in Animal Farm has a historical parallel(Meyers
106). The Rebellion is the October 1917 Revolution, the Battle of the Cowshed is
the subsequent Civil War, Mr. Jones and the farmers represent the loyalist
Russians, the hen's revolt stands for the brutally suppressed 1921 mutiny of the
sailors, Napolean's deal with Whymper represents Russia's 1922 Treaty of
Rapallo with Germany(Meyers 106). The most significant of all the events is the
building of the windmill, which in Soviet terms represents
industrialization(Meyers 107). Orwell ends the novel with a satiric portrait of
the Teheran Conference of 1943, the meeting of Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin
who are now allies (Raymond).

Throughout the entire book, the pigs gradually gravitate towards the
human world. First, through trade and alliances with Mr.Frederick. The selling
of timber to Mr. Frederick of Pinchfield is the animal equivalent of the short-
lived Nazi-Soviet nonaggression pact of 1939(Gardner 105). Then as the pigs
celebrate the Pyrrhic victory at the Battle of the Windmill, they drink alcohol.
More and more has Napolean, now "elected" president, become the remote object of
a personality cult in a system marked by "readjustment" of rations for workers
and the empty "dignity of" more songs, more speeches, and more
processions(Gardner 105). Despite this, all the animals, except the pigs, still
hope for days before the Rebellion. They figured if they worked hard, at least,
they worked for themselves. "No creature among them went upon two legs"(Orwell
36). "No creature called another creature 'Master'"(Orwell 38). "All animals
were equal"(Orwell 62).

Orwell finishes Animal Farm with a surprise ending. He demonstrates the
pigs' complete corruptness as they walk on their hind legs. The pigs train all
the young sheep to walk on their hind legs and chant "Four legs good, two legs
better." Orwell throws in irony throughout the novel to show that not all the
animals are fair and equal.

On the whole, Orwell's intentions to discredit the Soviet system by
showing its inhumanity and its back-sliding from ideals is achieved. It is
Orwell's sharpness of visualization and emotional resonance that have ensured
Animal Farm what seems to be a permanent place in literature(Gardner 107).
Graham Greene rightly noted in his review that we "become involved in the fate
of the animals. We care about them too much merely to translate events into
their historical equivalent." There is no such possibility in Animal Farm, nor,
by the end , can we escape the weight of the book's sadness by thinking that
these things have only happened to animals(Gardner 107). We look from the
oppressed animals in the book to the oppressed human beings outside and back
again, and can see no difference (Gardner 107).

Work Cited

DISCovering Authors, Gale Research Inc., 1993 .[computer]

Gardner, Averil. George Orwell. Boston, G.K. Hall and Co.: 1987.

Meyers, Valerie. Modern Novelists George Orwell. St. Martin's Press: New York,

Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc., 1946.

Schorer, Mark. "An Indigent and Prophetic Novel." The New York Times Book Review,

Williams, Raymond. George Orwell; A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey,
Prentice- Hall, Inc.: 1974.

Woodcock, George. The Crystal Spirit: A Study of George Orwell. Little, Brownn,
and Company, 1966.


Other sample model essays:

English Literature Essays / April Morning
April Morning I think that some of the reasoning behind Moses Cooper letting Adam fight in the war was that Adam was no longer a small child like his brother Levi. He was growing up, and i...
English Literature Essays / Archetypes In A Rose For Emily
Archetypes in A Rose for Emily Melissa Clark English 102 Oakes 4/9/97 Archetypes are, by definition, previous images, characters, or patterns that recur throughout literature and thou...
English Literature Essays / Archetypes In The Lion King
Archetypes In The Lion King John Berry Edwards Per. 2 4/18/96 The Lion King is a story containing many archetypes. Archetypes are patterns or models of literature that reoccur in many s...
English Literature Essays / A Separate Peace
A Separate Peace A Separate Peace is a novel about two boy's lives and how they evolve during the course of WWII. The story was written by John Knowles, who also left home to attend a...
As I Lay Dying: Character's Words And Insight To Underlying Meanings Fulfilling a promise they had made to their mother, Addie, Cash, Darl, Jewel, Dewey Dell, and Vardaman, in William Faulk...
English Literature Essays / A Slice Of Life
A Slice of Life Thump!Thump! There was a loud noise at the door, "Alright hold on, I'm coming." Tim yelled. Tim was in his early twenties, he had a blue mowhawk, always dressed shabby, an...
English Literature Essays / A Stranger Is Watching
A Stranger Is Watching A Stranger is Watching is a terrific book. I enjoyed reading this book very much. The non-stop action kept me reading for hours. One of the best features of the boo...
English Literature Essays / A World Without Engineers
A World Without Engineers Once upon a time, in a galaxy far, far away, on the planet Zovirax, there was an evil king, King Syphilis, who was mighty pleased with himself, for he had just ba...
Barney Vs. Sesame Street Sesame Street and Barney The Dinosaur are two popular educational shows for children. Are they really teaching kids with the right techniques? Are they teach...
English Literature Essays / Bartleby, The Failure
Bartleby, the Failure It is not rare, sometimes it is even common, that an author speaks about his or her self in their works. Herman Melville's "Bartleby, the Scrivener" is often considered...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per th
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
it is always perfect
Frederick, Maryland, United States
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663
Browns Mills, New Jersey, United States
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD