+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  

Essay/Term paper: Brazil

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Humanities Essays

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Humanities Essays: Brazil, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

The similarities between the societies found in Brazil and

those found in the Andean Highlands are relatively few. The

Andean Highland dwellers were mostly Incas, found in

greatest numbers in Peru. The inhabitants of Brazil were

mainly concentrated around the Amazon River Basin area.

The Andean Highland people consisted in large part of the

Inca civilization (the name of the ruling family, not an

ethnicity). However, the geographic location of these

societies is not the only disparity that exist between these

groups of people. Perhaps the most striking of the

differences is the characteristics of these societies and the

advancements, or lack of, that where achieved in each. With

each group having distinct characteristics in the way of life,

government, and labor, this affected the colonizing groups in

significantly different ways and ultimately lead to the

prosperity or decline of the colony at that specific time. The

forms of rule in the Amazon Basin and the Andean Highlands

were of great contrast. At the time of European discovery of

the New World, there existed very little political hierarchy in

the areas of the Amazon River Basin. At most, and this was

fairly uncommon, there was a local tribal chief. However, the

government did not extend any further. There was no

network of higher ruling. This may have stemmed from the

fact that villages were scattered around the Amazon, divided

by dense forest. The tribal chiefs would make some village

decisions and be a liaison with other local villages. Still,

territorial war was a major aspect of the Amazon Basin

dwellers' lives. This is in sharp contrast to the political system

that existed in the Inca civilization. The Inca had a

profoundly intricate political system that was based on rule

that was inherited through blood lines. There were local,

regional, and empire ruling leaders. These statesmen

demanded tribute from the lower classes and also force

labor upon them, but they did provide services for the good

of the people and the empire. The leaderships had relatively

few physical duties other than overseeing the domain that he

ruled. Territorial war was also a characteristic of the Inca

society. This society has often been labeled either a socialist

empire or a welfare state. Specifically, the people of the

Amazon Basin lived in small villages around the Amazon

River and relocated often (when the soil became fallow).

They were a tribal society maintained itself through shifting

agriculture and hunting and gathering. The staple of their diet

was of the tuber variety, a kind of potato. The society had

no classes that differentiated between the rich and poor

because the people had very little or no private property.

However, gift giving was very common in this culture. The

Inca had communities that ranged all the way from small

villages to thriving cities. The main city of political and civil

culture was called Cuzco. This is where the ruler of the entire

empire lived. Much like the dwellers of the Amazon Basin,

communities were often formed among groups of relatives,

which was known as ayllu. In contrast with those of Brazil,

the Inca were divided by classes and individuals did own

property. The lower classes were essentially often used as

slave labor and they also paid taxes and tribute to their local

and regional rulers through food, materials, and general gifts

that were not reciprocated. Land and human labor power

was a main source of wealth in the Inca civilization. The

types of labor that took place was vastly different between

these societies. In Brazil, the labor was very much

communal. Everyone worked together for the good of the

village and its people. They worked together to build

dwellings as well as for the cultivation and care of the crops.

They used a slash-and-burn style of farming and relocated

once the nutrients of the land were used up. The Incas were

much more advanced. In many areas, labor specialization

was common, especially in the large densely-populated

areas like Cuzco. Many of the people were forced to work

building or repairing paved roads, irrigation channels,

fortresses, and mines in a system called mita. The Inca took

part in labor-intensive agriculture. They employed much

more advanced agricultural production methods also. They

developed irrigation systems, terracing, and other advanced

agricultural techniques. With the arrival of the European

colonists, many of these existing institutions and practices

were destroyed and replaced with the Europeans' system of

rule and social customs. However, these clashed with what

was practiced before the arrival of the Europeans and this

soon became evident. The was much turbulence and revolt

against the European ways. In the Andean Highlands, the

Incas' power was totally lost to the Spanish through force.

Every pre-existing class was driven into slavery. The Spanish

also employed the ruling-class' system of mita to suit their

own purposes. The lower classes were already used to this

type of treatment from the ruling class, but the upper classes

resisted and were force to somewhat reform their policies on

the strict ruling of the Incas. The Amazon Basin dwellers

essentially suffered the same fate as the Incas. Captaincies

were developed along the Atlantic coast of Brazil and the

indigenous people of Brazil were forced into working there.

There were many attacks against these captaincies by the

indigens which strained their success. Also, these indigenous

people were not used to organized work that the captaincies

used. Many of the workers tried to escape or commit

suicide. This eventually led to their replacement with African

slaves. Because of pre-existing conditions, European

colonists were forced to deal with enigmas that were

ingrained in the culture. Force alone could not override the

conditioning of hundreds or thousands of years. This called

for the Spaniards and Portuguese to amend their methods of

governing the people of this foreign land. Bibliography

Hansis, Robert. The Latin Americans: Understanding Their

Legacy. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.,

1997. Keen, Benjamin. A History of Latin America. 5th ed.

Boston: Hoghton Mifflin Company, 1996. Patterson,

Thomas C. "The Inca Empire and Its Subject Peoples." The

Indian in Latin American History: Resistance, Resilience, and

Acculturation. Ed. John E. Kicza. Wilmington: Scholarly

Resources Inc., 1993 Stern, Steve. "The Rise and Fall of

White-Indian Alliances." The Hispanic American Historical

Review. Vol. 61.3 (1981) West, Robert C. "Aboriginal and

Colonial Geography of Latin America." Latin America: An

Introductory Survey. Ed. Brian W. Blouet and Olwyn M.

Blouet. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1982.  

Other sample model essays:

In comparing the sixties and the nineties, my first thought was how much popular culture has changed since then and how different society is today. The strange thing is, the more I tried to different...
Humanities Essays / Britain And The Early Colonies
Britain had a new policy when it came to it's colonies. All they had to do was inforce the laws they already had, not make new ones. George Greenville, Britains Prime Minister from 1763 to 17...
Humanities Essays / Broken Spears
The author argues that the Spanish were completely at fault for the total destruction of the Aztec Empire. In Broken spears, the author explains how many factors other than Spanish power contributed t...
Humanities Essays / Brown V. Board Of Education
In 1896 the Supreme Court had held in Plessy v. Ferguson that racial segregation was permissible as long as equal facilities were provided for both races. Although that decision involved only...
Humanities Essays / Brown Vs. Board Of Education
In 1896 the Supreme Court had held in Plessy v. Ferguson that racial segregation was permissible as long as equal facilities were provided for both races. Although that decision involved only...
Humanities Essays / Brown Vs Board Of Education
In 1896 the Supreme Court had held in Plessy v. Ferguson that racial segregation was permissible as long as equal facilities were provided for both races. Although that decision involved only...
Humanities Essays / Buchenwald (Holocaust)
TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction page 1 Concentration Camps pages 2-5 Death Camps page 6 Buchenwald pages 7-11 Conclusion page 12-13 Endnotes pages 14-15 Bibliography page 16 (1) INTRODUCTIO...
Humanities Essays / Bulge
The Battle of the bulge took place on December sixteenth 1944. The Germans mobilized the last chance they had to win the war. The Germans wanted to cut the American forces in to two parts this way the...
Humanities Essays / Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy has many components and characteristics to it that both help and hurt it. The most obvious characteristic is the size of bureaucracy. The size of this organization both helps and hurts in ...
Ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman practices of preparing the dead for the next cradle of humanity are very intriguing. These two cultures differ in a multitude of ways yet similarities can be not...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
, ,
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per th
, ,
it is always perfect
, ,
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663
, ,
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD