+ 1-888-787-5890  
   + 1-302-351-4405  

Essay/Term paper: Capital punishment deters murder, and is just retribution

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Economics

Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Economics: Capital Punishment Deters Murder, And Is Just Retribution, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade.

Capital Punishment Deters Murder, and Is Just Retribution

Capital punishment, is the execution of criminals by the state, for
committing crimes, regarded so heinous, that this is the only acceptable
punishment. Capital punishment does not only lower the murder rate, but it's
value as retribution alone is a good reason for handing out death sentences.
Support for the death penalty in the U.S. has risen to an average of 80%
according to an article written by Richard Worsnop, entitled "Death penalty
debate centres on Retribution", this figure is slightly lower in Canada where
support for the death penalty is at 72% of the population over 18 years of age,
as stated in article by Kirk Makir, in the March 26, 1987 edition of the Globe
and Mail, titled "B.C. MPs split on Death Penalty".
The death penalty deters murder by putting the fear of death into would
be killers. A person is less likely to do something, if he or she thinks that
harm will come to him. Another way the death penalty deters murder, is the fact
that if the killer is dead, he will not be able to kill again.
Most supporters of the death penalty feel that offenders should be
punished for their crimes, and that it does not matter whether it will deter the
crime rate. Supporters of the death penalty are in favour of making examples
out of offenders, and that the threat of death will be enough to deter the crime
rate, but the crime rate is irrelevant.
According to Isaac Ehrlich's study, published on April 16, 1976, eight
murders are deterred for each execution that is carried out in the U.S.A. He
goes on to say, "If one execution of a guilty capital murderer deters the murder
of one innocent life, the execution is justified." To most supporters of the
death penalty, like Ehrlich, if even 1 life is saved, for countless executions
of the guilty, it is a good reason for the death penalty. The theory that
society engages in murder when executing the guilty, is considered invalid by
most supporters, including Ehrlich. He feels that execution of convicted
offenders expresses the great value society places on innocent life.
Isaac Ehrlich goes on to state that racism is also a point used by death
penalty advocates. We will use the U.S. as examples, since we can not look at
the inmates on death row in Canada, because their are laws in Canada that state
that crime statistics can not be based on race, also the fact that there are no
inmates on death row in Canada. In the U.S. 16 out of 1000 whites arrested for
murder are sentenced to death, while 12 of 1000 blacks arrested for murder were
sentenced to death. 1.1% of black inmates on death row were executed, while
1.7% of white inmates will die.
Another cry for racism, as according to Ehrlich, that is raised by
advocates of the death penalty is based on the colour of the victim, for example
"if the victim is white, it is more likely that the offender will get the death
penalty than if the victim had been black". This is true, if you look at the
actual number of people who are murder. More people kill whites and get the
death penalty, then people who kill blacks and get the death penalty. The
reason for this is that more whites are killed, and the murders captured. Now
if we look at the number of blacks killed it is a lot less, but you have to look
at these numbers proportionately. Percent wise it is almost the same number for
any race, so this is not the issue.
In a 1986 study done by Professor Stephen K. Layson of the University of
North Carolina, the conclusions made by Ehrilich were updated, and showed to be
a little on the low side as far as the deterrence factor of capital punishment.
Professor Layson found that 18 murders were deterred by each execution is the
U.S. He also found that executions increases in probability of arrest,
conviction, and other executions of heinous offenders.
According to a statement issued by George C. Smith, Director of
Litigation, Washington Legal Foundation, titled "In Support of the Death
Penalty", support for the death penalty has grown in the U.S., as the crime rate
increased. In 1966, 42% of Americans were in favour of capital punishment while
47% were opposed to it. Since the crime rate United states has increased,
support for the capital punishment has followed suit. In 1986, support for
capital punishment was 80% for and only 17% against with 3% undecided, but most
of the undecided votes said they were leaning toward a pro capital punishment
stance, if they had to vote on it immediately.
Let us now focus on Canada. The last two people to be executed, in
Canada were Arthur Lucas and Ron Turpin. They were executed on December 11,
1962. The executions in Canada were carried out by hanging. 1
The death penalty was abolished in Canada in the latter part of 1976,
after a debate that lasted 98 hours. The death penalty was only beaten by 6
votes. If we look back to 1976, the year the death penalty was abolished in
Canada, threats of death, were being made to Members of Parliament and their
immediate families from pro death penalty advocates. Most members of parliament,
voted on their own personal feelings, as opposed to the views of their voters.2
The same was the case in British Colombia, where accepting of the death
penalty, if it was reinstated 1987 , by the federal government was discussed.
The M.P.s were split, 17 out of 29 were for the death penalty. This showed,
that even the majority of the M.P.s were in favour of the death penalty in B.C.
Support for the death penalty in British Columbia at the time was almost 70%,
but the M.P.s felt that it was up to them to vote how they felt was right, and
not to vote on which vote would give them the best chance for a second term.3
In 1987, the Progressive Conservative government wanted to hold a free
vote on the reinstatement of Capital punishment, but Justice minister Ray
Hnatyshyn, who was opposed to it, pressured the M.P.s, into voted against the
bill. Ray Hnatyshyn, was the deciding factor, if not for him, it was widely
believed that the reinstatement of capital punishment would have gone through,
and the death penalty would be a reality today.4
Capital punishment is such a volatile issue, and both sides are so deeply
rooted in their views that they are willing to do almost anything to sway all of
the people they can to their side.
We personally feel, and our views are backed up by proof, in the form of
studies by the likes of Isaac Ehrlich's 1975 and Prof. Stephen K. Layson's, that
was published in 1986, and polls that have been taken both in Canada and the
United States over the past few years. All of these studies and surveys show
that capital punishment is a valid deterrent to crime, and obviously the public,
and society as a whole are in favour of it. The death penalty makes would be
capital offenders think about weather committing a crime is really worth their
lives. Even if capital punishment did not deter crime, the simple fact that it
will allow society to "get even" with murders. Capital punishment also insures
peace of mind because it insures that murders will never kill again.


1 From: Take Notice, (Copp Clarke Pitman Ltd., 1979) page 163

2 From: Article written by David Vienneau published in the March 24, 1987
edition of the "Toronto Star", titled, Debate Agonizing for MPs.

3 From: Article written by Kirk Makir, published in March 26, 1987 edition of
the "Globe and Mail", titled, BC MPs Split on Death Penalty Debate.

4 From: Article written by Hugh Winsor, published in April 29, 1987 edition of
the "Globe and Mail", titled, Debate on Death Penalty placed on hold.


Other sample model essays:

Careers in Investment Banking Davin Bloom English 152 Reuff, Instructor Paper 2 2/25/97 A career in the securities industry can offer ex...
Soft Drink Industry Case Study Table of Contents Introduction 3 Description 3 Segments 3 Caveats 4 Socio-Economic 4 Releva...
Chaos in The Currency Markets : Currency Crisis of The EMS 1. What does the crisis of September 1992 tell you about the relative abilities of currency markets and national governments to influ...
Economics / Chernobyl
Chernobyl The topic I have chosen for this term paper is "Ex-Soviet Bloc's Environmental Crisis, Issue C." #2 Upgrading nuclear reactors to meet international standards. I have chosen ...
China's Economic Growth Due to Recent Foreign Policies Recent Chinese economic policies have shot the country into the world economy at full speed. As testimony of this, China's gross ...
Chinese Economic Reform under Communist Rule Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became apparent to many of China's leaders that economic reform was necessary. During his tenur...
Classical Liberalism Classical liberalism was the dominant ideology of capitalism during the periods of eighteenth century. It view was widely accepted. It said that government sh...
Clinton Administration's Proposal to Increase Taxes for Multinational Corporations My topic is the increase if the taxes which Clinton Administration is planning. This increase in t...
Management's Achievement Claims Perspective It is to no one's surprise that Coca-Cola is one of the world's largest companies. Fourteen years ago, Coca-Cola began building credibili...
Management / Cola Wars
Cola Wars Stephen Brennan Accounting II Tue/Thur. 3-4:30 The Wall Street Journal recently did an article on how the soft-drink battleground has now turned toward...
Experience with Dream Essay - Reliable and great customer service. Quality of work - High quality of work.
, ,
Dream Essay - Very reliable and great customer service. Encourage other to try their service. Writer 91463 - Provided a well written Annotated Bibliography with great deal of detail per th
, ,
it is always perfect
, ,
The experience with Dream Essay is stress free. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. Dream Essay is customer oriented. Writer 17663
, ,
Only competent & proven writers
Original writing — no plagiarism
Our papers are never resold or reused, period
Satisfaction guarantee — free unlimited revisions
Client-friendly money back guarantee
Total confidentiality & privacy
Guaranteed deadlines
Live Chat & 24/7 customer support
All academic and professional subjects
All difficulty levels
12pt Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1 inch margins
The fastest turnaround in the industry
Fully documented research — free bibliography guaranteed
Fax (additional info): 866-332-0244
Fax (additional info): 866-308-7123
Live Chat Support
Need order related assistance?—Click here to submit a inquiry
© Dreamessays.com. All Rights Reserved.
Dreamessays.com is the property of MEDIATECH LTD